Along with breast cancer, skin cancer is among the most common cancers in the world. It includes melanoma, basal cell and squamous cell. It is caused mainly by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation.
Following are 4 ways that can prevent skin cancer effectively.
1. Always wear sunscreen
The most common types of skin cancers are related to cumulative sun exposure, so protecting yourself from the sun is imperative. No matter what time of year it is, you should always wear sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15 when you are outside. Make sure it provides both UVA and UVB protection because these two rays damage the skin’s layers, lead to wrinkles and are responsible for skin cancers. Every two to four hours, you should also re-apply your sunblock with 1 to 2 ounces to stay safe.
2. Cover up
Although sunscreen can help protect your skin from the sun, you should not rely solely on sunscreen for sun protection. So it is necessary for you to cover up to block as much UVA and UVB rays as possible. You can protect exposed skin by donning a lightweight long-sleeved shirt and pants that are tightly knit and have a special coating to help absorb the UV rays. You should also wear a hat with a wide brim to shield your head, face, neck and ears. In addition, you can create your own shade with an umbrella and a pair of sunglasses.
3. Stay out of the sun during peak midday hours
Midday hours from 10 am to 3 pm are the time when the strongest and most harmful UV rays of the sun are emitted. So try to avoid these peak hours to stay away from sun exposure that can do serious damage to your skin. If you must be outside, make sure to stay covered with a wide-brimmed hat, sleeved-shirt and long pants.
4. Drink coffee
It sounds surprising but your daily coffee fix may help you fend off skin cancer. That may be because coffee’s antioxidant effect helps to protect against this common cancer. According to some studies, there is a 5 percent drop in your odds of developing non-melanoma skin cancer later in life for each of cup of coffee everyday.
5. Avoid getting sunburn
The damage a UV burn does to your skin can rear its head years or decades later in the form of skin cancer. In fact, if you have 5 or more sunburns, your chances of developing skin cancer will double.